Center for Crop Improvement

Centers of Educational Excellence

Center for Crop Improvement

The Center for Crop improvement deals with the breeding and evaluation of crop varieties, improving seed quality and development of markers to identify these varieties and hybrids. This center includes the

  1. Plant Breeding and Genetics
  2. Agricultural Biotechnology
  3. Seed Science and Technology

Plant breeding and Genetic is a critical tool in the fight for food security and responsible environmental stewardship in the 21st century. The agricultural scenario in the post Green Revolution era has changed Indian agriculture from the subsistence farming to a commercial enterprise. Signing of World Trade agreement by India has exposed Indian farmers to the global competition.

Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agri tech, is an area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific tools and techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms. Crop biotechnology is one aspect of agricultural biotechnology which has been greatly developed upon in recent times.

Seed Science and Technology as a specialized branch of agricultural sciences focuses on the study of structure and development of seeds from the moment of fertilization of the egg cell to the emergence of a new plant from the seed. It includes Seed Production and Harvesting, Classes of seeds Seed Conditioning, traditional and new methods, Storage, Seed Enhancements, seed treatment and coating technologies, priming, Seed Testing both physiological and pathological, Seed Quality Assurance, labeling and authentication on of crop varieties, causes and maintenance of Seed quality.